Herodotus (ca. 485-425 B.C.)Herodotus (ca. 485-425 B.C.) - The "Father of History", as named by Cicero because he is considered the first human to undertake the recording of past events as an accurate narrative of how they transpired. This, of course, is not entirely true, for most of the Old Testament predates Herodotus and contains material of an historical nature. However, Herodotus is regarded as the first to write for the express purpose of recording historical events; whereas the writers of the Old Testament were relating the relationship of the nation of Israel to their God, which happened to encompass a period of history. Ironically, for a man who was concerned about history, Herodotus didn't bother to record anything about his own life, and so not much is known about him. He was born in Halicarnassus, Caria sometime in between the first and second invasions of Greece by Persia. His famous work, Histories, is his account of those invasions and our primary source for the epic conflict. In fact, the science of history is named for this work, ίστορία, which means "inquiry" (it was translated into historia in Latin, from which we derive the modern word). Before him, stories of the past were handed down orally from one generation to the next. Herodotus sought to preserve their accuracy for future generations by writing them down. We know that there are many inaccuracies in his work, however, he states in his "introduction" that he was simply trying to preserve the events as related to him by the eyewitnesses with whom he spoke. So the inaccuracies were not so much the result of his research, but more of the memories of those he interviewed.