Xiāo Yan (464-549)Xiāo Yan (464-549) - Also known as Emperor Wu of Liang, he is sometimes called China's Monk Emperor for his adoption of Buddhism. He is a good example of a Chinese ruler who embraced both Confucianism and Buddhism; Confucian precepts in government affairs, and Buddhism in his personal life. His long reign, from 502 until 549, stands out as perhaps the most successful and prosperous of the Southern & Northern Dynasties period. It was a time of learning, and Xiāo Yan himself was a devotee of the arts. He wrote poetry and established universities, requiring members of the aristocracy to be educated. As emperor, he outlawed animal sacrifices and capital punishment. However, his lenient policies came at a heavy price. Corruption within in his court was rampant, and toward the end of his reign, one of his generals, Hou Jing, rebelled and overthrew Wu. Three years later, in 552, Xiāo Yan was avenged by his son, Xiāo Yi, who defeated Hou Jing and became Emperor Yuan of Liang.