One-Thousand and One NightsOne-Thousand and One Nights - A collection of tales from throughout Western, Central and South Asia as well as North Africa and compiled in Arabic during the "Islamic Golden Age".  The origins of the stories themselves span several centuries and are founded in Arabian, Persian, Indian, Egyptian and Mesopotamian folklore.  The majority of the work is prose with a bit of poetry dispersed throughout.  It draws its name from the narrative which is set in the court of Shahryār, king of Persia, who discovers that his wife has been unfaithful; so he has her executed.  From that point, he becomes fearful that all women are alike, and each time he takes a new wife, he has her executed the day after they are married before she can dishonour him.  He tasks his vizier with finding him another virgin woman after the execution of his previous wife.  Eventually the vizier's daughter, Scheherazade, discovers what her father is doing and volunteers to become the king's wife.  After initially refusing, she convinces him.  She has a plan to stay alive.  On the night of their wedding, she begins to tell the king a tale of wonder, but does not finish it.  With his curiosity peaked, he lets her live so she can finish her story the following night.  Which she does, but then immediately begins a new one and leaves him hanging once again.  This continues for 1,001 nights.  Among the more famous stories are Aladdin's Lamp, Ali Baba and the Forty Thieves and The Seven Voyages of Sinbad.