Witch of EndorWitch of Endor - After he slew Goliath, David instantly became a hero to all Israel.  King Saul was initially pleased and took David into his service; but as he received more and more adulation, Saul became jealous of David, and eventually turned against him.  He tried to kill David on several occasions, but Jonathan, Saul's son, protected him (I Samuel 19).  David actually had the opportunity to kill Saul twice himself (I Samuel 24:4-7 & I Samuel 26:8-9), but refused to because he didn't want to be responsible for the king's death.  Meanwhile, Samuel, the high priest and judge who had anointed both Saul and David, died (I Samuel 25:1).  David eventually fled to the Philistines in order to escape Saul's wrath, and lived among them for 16 months (I Samuel 27).  Upon learning of the discord within the nation of Israel, the Philistines tried to take advantage and invaded.  It was at this point that Saul resorted to desperate measures:


"So the Philistines gathered together and came and camped in Shunem; and Saul gathered all Israel together and they camped in Gilboa.  When Saul saw the camp of the Philistines, he was afraid and his heart trembled greatly.  When Saul inquired of the Lord, the Lord did not answer him, either by dreams or by Urim or by prophets.  Then Saul said to his servants, 'Seek for me a woman who is a medium, that I may go to her and inquire of her.'  And his servants said to him, 'Behold, there is a woman who is a medium at En-dor.'  Then Saul disguised himself by putting on other clothes, and went, he and two men with him, and they came to the woman by night; and he said, 'Conjure up for me, please, and bring up for me whom I shall name to you.'  But the woman said to him, 'Behold, you know what Saul has done, how he has cut off those who are mediums and spiritists from the land.  Why then are you laying a snare for my life to bring about my death?'  Saul vowed to her by the Lord, saying, 'As the Lord lives, no punishment shall come upon you for this thing.'  Then the woman said, 'Whom shall I bring up for you?'  And he said, 'Bring up Samuel for me.'  When the woman saw Samuel, she cried out with a loud voice; and the woman spoke to Saul, saying, 'Why have you deceived me?  For you are Saul.'  The king said to her, 'Do not be afraid; but what do you see?'  And the woman said to Saul, 'I see a divine being coming up out of the earth.'  He said to her, 'What is his form?'  And she said, 'An old man is coming up, and he is wrapped with a robe.'  And Saul knew that it was Samuel, and he bowed with his face to the ground and did homage.  Then Samuel said to Saul, 'Why have you disturbed me by bringing me up?'  And Saul answered, 'I am greatly distressed, for the Philistines are waging war against me, and God has departed from me and no longer answers me, either through prophets or by dreams; therefore I have called you, that you may make known to me what I should do.'  Samuel said, 'Why then do you ask me, since the Lord has departed from you and has become your adversary?  The Lord has done accordingly as He spoke through me; for the Lord has torn the kingdom out of your hand and given it to your neighbor, to David.  As you did not obey the Lord and did not execute His fierce wrath on Amalek, so the Lord has done this thing to you this day.  Moreover the Lord will also give over Israel along with you into the hands of the Philistines, therefore tomorrow you and your sons will be with me.  Indeed the Lord will give over the army of Israel into the hands of the Philistines!'  Then Saul immediately fell full length upon the ground and was very afraid because of the words of Samuel." (I Samuel 28:4-20, NASB)