Fall of Jerusalem (ca. 586 B.C.)Fall of Jerusalem (ca. 586 B.C.) - The city of David has been destroyed twice in its history. The first was in 586 B.C. by Babylonian king, Nebuchadnezzar. Hints of the coming calamity are first mentioned by the prophet Isaiah. "Behold the days are coming when all that is in your house and that your fathers have laid up in store to this day will be carried to Babylon; nothing will be left says the Lord. And some of your sons who will issue from you, whom you will beget will be taken away, and they will become officials in the palace of the king of Babylon." (Isaiah 39:6-7). God warns Judah it's their sin that will lead to this destruction. "The Lord said through his servants the prophets: 'Manasseh king of Judah has committed these detestable sins. He has done more evil than the Amorites who preceded him and has led Judah into sin with his idols. Therefore this is what the Lord, the God of Israel, says: I am going to bring such disaster on Jerusalem and Judah that the ears of everyone who hears of it will tingle...I will wipe out Jerusalem as one wipes a dish, wiping it and turning it upside done.'" (II Kings 21:10-13). And so, Nebuchadnezzar laid siege to Jerusalem. After two previous attacks, he deported some of its citizens and installed a puppet king, but left the city intact. However, when the new king, Zedekiah, revolted, Nebuchadnezzar was not in so generous a mood. The siege began in 589 B.C. and lasted about two and half years. When it was over, he razed the temple and most of the rest of Jerusalem to the ground and carried off many more of its people to Mesopotamia. Thus began the 70-year exile and the creation of the Jewish diaspora (population outside of Israel).