CarthageCarthage - Carthage was an Tyrian colony reportedly founded in 814 B.C. by Queen Dido.  It would become an economic powerhouse and Rome's chief rival in the Western Mediterranean.  The two empires eventually clashed in a series of three wars, all three of which were ultimately won by Rome.  However, the second war produced a brilliant Carthaginian general named Hannibal who very nearly brought Rome to its knees.  He was defeated though at the Battle of Zama, and although the city survived the Second Punic War it was finally destroyed by Rome in 146 B.C..