Tarquinius (509 B.C.)Tarquin (509 B.C.) - Rome was founded as a monarchy. Because the Etruscans were already well established at the time of Rome's founding, they were able to exert considerable influence over the city in its early years. In fact, of the seven legendary or semi-legendary kings of Rome, the last three were Etruscan. Although the first two were liked, the third and final, Lucius Tarquinius Superbus or "Tarquin the Proud", was despised (Superbus meaning "arrogant" or "proud" in Latin). This lead to the famous revolt in 509 B.C. when the Romans overthrew Tarquin and established the Republic which stood for the next five centuries. The event which sparked the overthrow was the rape of the noblewoman Lucretia by the king's son, Sextus Tarquinius, and her subsequent suicide from the shame she felt. It is a semi-legendary story recounted by Livy who lived at the time of Augustus Caesar. The uprising was led by an aristocrat named Lucius Junius Brutus who, as a result, is credited with being the founder of the Republic. He assumed one of the first positions of consul in the newly formed Senate and is considered the patriarch of the famous Brutus family of which Marcus Junius Brutus, one of the assassins of Julius Caesar, was a descendant.